One of the most important factors, whether items will arrive at their destination safely, is their packaging. That is why logistics companies have guidelines about the packages that they will ship. Objects that are extremely fragile or heavy require special packaging for safe shipping.
The following are some of the basic guidelines of logistics companies for packing items for shipment.
Use Proper Box
Use a Corrugated Box. The box should be large with enough space for the padding or protection of the items. It is also recommended to use new box or box that is sturdy enough to withstand the rigors of shipment.
Use the appropriate tags
For a correct and timely delivery, keep these points when you set the directions on the package. Always include the full address of the consignee with postcodes or as applicable in each case. For international shipments include a contact name, phone number, and zip code or as applicable in each case. Always include the full address of the sender.
Chemical or pharmaceutical merchandise is affected by regulations on hazardous goods must be packaged and identified according to IATA standard and/or ADR.
Pack each item separately. Try to keep as separate as possible from each other. Put additional padding at the corners and sides of the box, to reduce the likelihood that they can be broken or damaged fragile items.
A wide variety of materials can be used for cushioning and protection. These include bubble wrap, molded foam (a foam is compressed and form protective molds around contents), corrugated board and strong wrapping paper or crumpled newspaper.
Use enough cushioning material to ensure that the content cannot be easily moved. Several centimeters mineral type buffer around content should be sufficient.
Secure the items with proper packaging
To lock the box, use a strong tape – five centimeters or more in width – designed for shipping.
Do not use masking tape or transparent cellophane tape. These tapes do not provide the necessary strength to keep the packages tightly closed.
Do not use string or paper wrap the box, as they can tear on automated equipment, resulting in losses of address labels or package contents.
Heavy packing of shipment
Shipments that are classified as heavy must be packed in accordance with the weight and dimensions of the shipment. You must pack your heavy shipment so as to allow other packages to be stacked on top of your shipment. Make sure your heavy shipment is bound and the pallet wrapped with plastic or metal packing strips in both directions. (Pallets secured only elastic tape wrapping are not accepted.)
Avoid corrugated cardboard or chipboard pallets. You must ensure all heavy shipments weighing 50 kg or more are compatible with a hydraulic jack to lift the pallet.
The minimum specifications for a typical base for forklift or jack configuration are:
- The pallet must have a maximum of 1,000 kgs.
- The corners should be protected with cardboard or corners profiles.
- The goods must be secured to the pallet through the gaps.
- The hole for the blades should be at least 69 cm wide and 9 cm high.
- If the dimensions of the load overhang the pallet, it should be properly protected, either with a wood or with suitable protective elements.
- The merchandise exceeding 3 m. in one of its measures, it is outside the norm.